Québec is fed by the Saint-Laurent (St. Lawrence River). With its 1 200 km in length, it is one of the biggest watercourse in the world. This oceanic-like river provides year-round access to the heart of the continent and flows to the Atlantic Ocean.
Water constitutes Québec’s primary source of energy and is a pillar of its economy. More than 40 % of the Canadian hydraulic resources are located in Québec.
Québec is a province abundantly watered. Ten per cent of its total surface is covered of lakes, streams and rivers. With its 4 500 rivers and its 750,000 lakes, Québec owns three percent of the world’s renewable fresh water supply.
In order to preserve this hydraulic wealth, the Act to affirm the collective nature of water resources and provide for increased water resource protection was adopted by unanimous consent of the National Assembly on June 11, 2009. In confirming the legal status of water resources as part of our collective patrimony, the Act defines the responsibilities of the government as protector of the resource on behalf of its citizens, as well as the rights and responsibilities of the community.